Evolution of GS1 standards


Industry leaders in the United States select a single standard for product identification (the Universal Product Code) over seven other options. This barcode is still in use and known today as the GS1® barcode.

The Uniform Code Council is established in the US as a not-for-profit standards organisation (GS1 US). On 26th June, a pack of Wrigley's gum becomes the first product to be scanned with a GS1 barcode in Ohio, United States.

Based on the original GS1 barcode, 13th digit is engineered, allowing the identification system to go global.

The European Article Numbering (EAN) Association is established as an international not-for-profit standards organisation (GS1). Launches GS1 identification system to improve supply chain efficiency in the retail sector.

GS1 standards expand beyond point-of-sale consumer units with ITF-14 barcodes.

GS1 standards expand to logistics units with GS1-128 barcodes. These barcodes encode more detailed product information. 
GS1 launch EANCOM Manual for eBusiness, an global standard for Electronic Data Interchange. 
The UCC (GS1 US) and EAN International (GS1) sign a cooperative agreement formalising their intent to co-manage global standards. With this agreement, GS1 has presence in 45 countries.

GS1 expands the use of GS1 standards in the healthcare sector with the first Healthcare Collaboration Project.

SC31, the International Organisation for Standardisation's committee for automatic identification and data capture standards, is launched, signifying international cooperation around the development and use of new standards.

The Auto-ID Centre at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology is launched, leading to the development of the Electronic Product Code (EPC®). Specifications for the GS1 DataBar (a reduced space symbology) are approved.

At the start of the new millennium, GS1 has presence in 90 countries.
The Global Standards Management Process (GSMP) is launched, providing a global forum for GS1 members to discuss and establish new standards-based solutions for their businesses.
GS1 forms EPC global and initiates the development of the EPC global architecture and standards. The GS1 DataMatrix (the first two-dimensional symbol adopted by GS1) is approved.

GS1 publishes the business message standards (using XML) and the first standard for Radio Frequency Identification (Gen2). A global, Internet-based initiative that enables trading partners to efficiently exchange product master data, GDSN, is launched.

The new name for the organisation, GS1, is launched worldwide.

The World Customs Organisation and GS1 sign a Memorandum of Understanding, agreeing to support and encourage the harmonisation of standards in the customs sector. 
GS1 enters the world of B2C solutions with the aim to provide open standards to link product information with consumers and businesses through mobile devices.

GS1 expands its offerings with the publication of the GS1 QR Code.

With presence in 111 countries, GS1 celebrates 40 years of the Global Language of Business.